The Models of Human Resource Development in Preparing Prisoners for Entrepreneurship in Banjarmasin

Zainal Arifin, Akhmad Yafiz Syam, Muhammad Maladi


Tendency to ex-prisoners back into previous environment after being released from the detention center is a phenomenon that raises a big question. Although training programs have become routine activities provided by the government every year and inmates are trained in various skills in preparation for their after-free, some still choose to return to the criminal world.  Empirical studies show that there are two main causes, namely (1) the training program is given to make them skilled workers that after they acquire freedom no company will hire former prisoners, (2) there are constraints such as capital and knowledge emerge as for those starting and running a business. A new approach is necessary for construction problems. This study attempts to test the model of human resource development for former prisoners to prepare them for entrepreneurship. This study is the first step in testing the model of development of human resources for ex-prisoners to prepare them for entrepreneurship. In this study, the object to be examined is inmates of a prison in Banjarmasin. The data collection is done by filling in questionnaires, in-depth interviews to 150 inmates of their last year before the end of the period of detention, business confidence surveys, training and mentoring consultancy. The results from the test using MSC-T Miner questionnaire method showed 100 of the 150 prisoners have entrepreneurial potential. 100 people have been matched with their preferred business qualifications only 50 people who have interest in accordance with market rates. Intervention by the research team is to provide motivation and knowledge about entrepreneurship and personality development showed better results than before the intervention of the 50 inmates in preparing for entrepreneurship.


Human Resource Development; Entrepreneurship; Prisoner

Full Text:



Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, (2003), Undang-undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 20 tahun (2003) tentang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional, khususnya pada penjelasan pasal 26 ayat 3.

Desimone, RL, Werner, JM and Harris, DM, (2006), Human Resource Development . Orlando, Harcourt College Publishers Orlando, Harcourt College Publishers.

Hindle, K. (2004), Choosing Qualitative Methods for Entrepreneurial Cognition Research: A Canonical Development Approach. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 28: 575–607. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-6520.2004.00065.x.

Indarini Nurvita, (2012), Perlu Perbaikan Pembinaan Napi Agar Tak Jadi Residivis, detikNews.

Khan Mubbsher Munawar, Ahmed Ishfaq, Nawaz Muhammad Musarrat, Ramzan Muhammad, (2011), Impact Of Personality Traits On Entrepreneurial Intentions Of University Students, Interdisciplinary Journal of Research in Business.

Lockwood, F R Teasley , (2006), An examination of the power of the dark side of entrepreneurship, JAC Carland

Megginson, W.L., M.J. Byrd, and L.C. Megginson. (2000). Small Business Management: An Entrepreneur’s Guidebook. Third Ed. Irwin McGraw-Hill. Boston.

Metzler, J.C. (2005). “How the AICPA Helps Members Serve Small Business.” Journal of Accountancy, 199 (March).

Maulani Diah Gustiniati (1999) Sistem Sosial Dalam Lembaga Pemasyarakatan dan Praktik Pembinaan (Studi Pada Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Tanjungkarang dan Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Kalianda) Tesis. Masters thesis, Program Pascasarjana Universitas Diponegoro.

Miner, J.B. (1996). The 4 routes to entrepreuneurial success. San Fransisco: Berrett Koehler

Noe, Hollenbeck, Gerhart, Wright, (2007), Fundamentals of Human Resources Management, The McGraw Hill Companies, Inc All right reserved.

Sonfield Matthew C. (2008), Entrepreneurship and prisoner re-entry: The development of a concept, Small Business Institute® Research Review, Volume 35, (2008).

Toma Simona Valeria ; Chirita Mioara; Sarpe Daniela, (2011), Entrepreneurial Phenomenon: Some Reasons for Career Choice Intentions. Journal Annals of Dunărea de Jos University. Fascicle I : Economics and Applied Informatics.

Topping Keith J, Tariq Riaz H., (2011), Entrepreneurial Attitudes among Potential Entrepreneurs. Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.