Linking Altruism and Self-Control to Life Satisfaction: The Mediating Effect of Organızational Citizenship Behavior

Revias Bramadhian, Martinus Parnawa Putranta, Pramudianto Pramudianto


Cooperatives members as well as its managers’ life satisfaction are important output for its management performance. Cooperative managers, who have personality traits such as altruism and self-control, tend to have more life satisfaction at their working environment. One of the essential principles of cooperative is organizational citizenship behavior, will help the managers to linking altruism and self-control to their life satisfaction. Cooperative managers who have altruism and good self-control tend to have organizational behavior, so they are more willing to help each other, improving their work performance, and solving problems at the workplace together, thus creating a positive working environment. A positive working environment will make people more satisfied with their life. A cross-sectional design was established and 130 cooperatives managers were selected with snowball sampling among 39 cooperatives in Yogyakarta. Quantitative data were collected by questionnaires and analyzed by using PLS-SEM. The results indicated that organizational citizenship behavior has positive effect on life satisfaction. Altruism and self-control both have positive effect on organizational citizenship behavior and organizational citizenship behavior partially mediates the effect of both altruism and self-control on life satisfaction.


Life Satisfaction; Altruism; Self-control; Organizational Citizenship Behavior; Cooperatives

Full Text:



Alam, J. (2020). 7P’s of life-satisfaction: a social constructionist model for the life satisfaction of religious minority groups in Kohat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Pakistan). Humanities and Social Sciences Communications, 7(1).

Altehenger, H. (2021). Self-control and the self. Synthese, 199(1–2), 2183–2198.

Baranik, L. E., & Eby, L. (2016). Organizational citizenship behaviors and employee depressed mood, burnout, and satisfaction with health and life: The mediating role of positive affect. Personnel Review, 45(4), 626–642.

Benitez, J., Henseler, J., Castillo, A., & Schuberth, F. (2020). How to perform and report an impactful analysis using partial least squares: Guidelines for confirmatory and explanatory IS research. Information and Management, 57(2).

Błachnio, A. (2021). Be Happy, Be Honest: The Role of Self-Control, Self-Beliefs, and Satisfaction with Life in Honest Behavior. Journal of Religion and Health, 60(2), 1015–1028.

Castel, D., Lemoine, C., & Durand-Delvigne, A. (2011). Working in Cooperatives and Social Economy: Effects on Job Satisfaction and the Meaning of Work. Perspectives Interdisciplinaires Sur Le Travail et La Santé, 13–2.

Cheung, F. Y. M., Peng, K., & Wong, C. S. (2018). Beyond exchange and prosocial motives, is altruistic helping a valid motive for organizational citizenship behavior? Chinese Management Studies, 12(1), 222–242.

Chiesi, F., Bonacchi, A., Lau, C., Tosti, A. E., Marra, F., & Saklofske, D. H. (2020). Measuring self-control across gender, age, language, and clinical status: A validation study of the Italian version of the Brief Self-Control Scale (BSCS). PLoS ONE, 15(8 August 2020).

Choi, J., Oh, J., & Kim, J. (2022). Relationship between active seniors’ job change and life satisfaction: Serial multiple mediation effects of person–job fit and job satisfaction. Career Development Quarterly, 70(4), 327–341.

Chuang, Y., Chiang, H., & Lin, A. (2019). Helping behaviors convert negative affect into job satisfaction and creative performance: The moderating role of work competence. Personnel Review, 48(6), 1530–1547.

de Reuver, R., Kroon, B., Olabarria, D. M., & Iñurritegui, U. E. (2021). Employee satisfaction in labor‐owned and managed workplaces: Helping climate and participation spillover to non‐owners. Sustainability (Switzerland), 13(6).

Dosek, T. (2021). Snowball sampling and Facebook: How social media can help access hard-to-reach populations. PS - Political Science and Politics, 54(4), 651–655.

Dou, K., Li, J. Bin, Wang, Y. J., Li, J. J., Liang, Z. Q., & Nie, Y. G. (2019). Engaging in prosocial behavior explains how high self-control relates to more life satisfaction: Evidence from three Chinese samples. PLoS ONE, 14(10).

Eissenstat, S. J., & Lee, Y. (2017). Understanding organizational citizenship behavior: The counselor’s role. International Journal of Workplace Health Management, 10(6), 491–507.

Gouveia, V. V., Vasconcelos de Oliveira, I. C., Moura Grangeiro, A. S. de, Pereira Monteiro, R., & Lins de Holanda Coelho, G. (2021). The Bright Side of the Human Personality: Evidence of a Measure of Prosocial Traits. Journal of Happiness Studies, 22(3), 1459–1480.

Hagmaier, T., Abele, A. E., & Goebel, K. (2018). How do career satisfaction and life satisfaction associate? Journal of Managerial Psychology, 33(2), 142–160.

Hair, J. F., Hult, G. T. M., Ringle, C. M., & Sarstedt, M. (2017). A Primer on Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) (2nd ed.). SAGE.

Hair, J. F., Risher, J. J., Sarstedt, M., & Ringle, C. M. (2019). When to use and how to report the results of PLS-SEM. In European Business Review (Vol. 31, Issue 1, pp. 2–24). Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.

Hermanto, Y. B., & Srimulyani, V. A. (2022). The Effects of Organizational Justice on Employee Performance Using Dimension of Organizational Citizenship Behavior as Mediation. Sustainability (Switzerland), 14(20).

Hidalgo-Fernández, A., Moreira Mero, N., Loor Alcivar, M. I., & González Santa Cruz, F. (2020). Analysis of organizational commitment in cooperatives in Ecuador. Journal of Management Development, 39(4), 391–406.

Huang, Z., Wang, Z., & Qu, W. (2021). Influence of cost and self-control on individual donation behavior: The promoting effect of self-affirmation. Psychology Research and Behavior Management, 14, 1339–1358.

Jain, A. K. (2015). Volunteerism and organisational culture: Relationship to organizational commitment and citizenship behaviors in India. Cross Cultural Management, 22(1), 116–144.

Kay, F., & Granfield, R. (2022). When altruism is remunerated: Understanding the bases of voluntary public service among lawyers. Law and Society Review, 56(1), 78–100.

Khan, A., & Malik, N. I. (2019). Factors Contributing in Life Satisfaction among Hijras: A Qualitative Study of Sargodha, Pakistan. Foundation University Journal of Psychology, 3(2), 77–109.

Lachmann, B., Sariyska, R., Kannen, C., Blaszkiewicz, K., Trendafilov, B., Andone, I., Eibes, M., Markowetz, A., Li, M., Kendrick, K. M., & Montag, C. (2018). Contributing to overall life satisfaction: Personality traits versus life satisfaction variables revisited-is replication impossible? Behavioral Sciences, 8(1).

Lazauskaite-Zabielske, J., Urbanaviciute, I., & Bagdziuniene, D. (2015). The role of prosocial and intrinsic motivation in employees’ citizenship behaviour. Baltic Journal of Management, 10(3), 345–365.

Li, J., Chen, Y., Lu, J., Li, W., Zhen, S., & Zhang, D. (2022). Does Self-Control Promote Prosocial Behavior? Evidence from a Longitudinal Tracking Study. Children, 9(6).

Lu, C., Jiang, Y., Zhao, X., & Fang, P. (2020). Will Helping Others Also Benefit You? Chinese Adolescents’ Altruistic Personality Traits and Life Satisfaction. Journal of Happiness Studies, 21(4), 1407–1425.

Manzur, E., & Olavarrieta, S. (2021). The 9-SRA scale: A simplified 9-items version of the SRA scale to assess altruism. Sustainability (Switzerland), 13(13).

Mohamad, I., Rahman, I. A., Tunca, M. Z., & Pusparini, E. S. (2023). Antecedents and Outcome of Trainees’ Motivation: Evident from South East Asia. The South East Asian Journal of Management SEAM ©, 17(1), 49–74.

Muthuraman, S., & Al-Haziazi, M. (2017). International Review of Management and Marketing Examining the Factors of Organizational Citizenship Behavior with Reference to Corporate Sectors in Sultanate of Oman. International Review of Management and Marketing, 7(1), 413–422.

Owoseni, O., Owoseni, O. O., Adetifa, E. K., Olabimpe, A., Eniola, O., Sokefun, A., Chineye, J., Helen, A., & Olagundoye, F. (2023). Understanding Life after Retirement: The Role of Gender & Personality Traits on Life Satisfaction. In North American Journal of Psychology (Vol. 25, Issue 1). Tirindi.

Pathak, S. (2021). Societal self-control and post-exit entrepreneurial intentions. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 27(7), 1751–1775.

Ramia, I., & Voicu, M. (2022). Life Satisfaction and Happiness Among Older Europeans: The Role of Active Ageing. Social Indicators Research, 160(2–3), 667–687.

Sekaran, U., & Bougie, R. (2019). Research Methods For Business: A Skill Building Approach (8th ed.). Wiley Global Education US.

Shanker, M. (2018). Organizational citizenship behavior in relation to employees’ intention to stay in Indian organizations. Business Process Management Journal, 24(6), 1355–1366.

Soelton, M., Visano, N. A., Noermijati, Ramli, Y., Syah, T. Y. R., & Sari, Y. J. (2020). The Implication of Job Satisfaction That Influence Workers to Practice Organizational Citizenship Behavior in the Workplace. Archives of Business Research, 8(5), 33–48.

Tu, Y., & Yang, Z. (2016). Self-Control as Mediator and Moderator of the Relationship Between Social Support and Subjective Well-Being Among the Chinese Elderly. Social Indicators Research, 126(2), 813–828.

Unanue, W., Barros, E., & Gómez, M. (2021). The longitudinal link between organizational citizenship behaviors and three different models of happiness. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(12).

Vlerick, M. (2021). Explaining human altruism. Synthese, 199(1–2), 2395–2413.

Wang, Y. J., Chen, K. Y., Dou, K., & Liu, Y. Z. (2021). Linking Self-Control to Voluntary Behaviors at Workplace: The Mediating Role of Job Satisfaction. Frontiers in Psychology, 12.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.