Can Holistic Empowerment and Digital Platform Arouse Creative Economy Innovation?

Widiya Dewi Anjaningrum, Wahdiyat Moko


Although many studies investigated the relationship between digital platform capabilities and innovation performance, finding research that simultaneously links the two constructs to holistic empowerment and innovation still needs to be completed. This study examined the relationship between Creative Industry Holistic Empowerment and Digital Platform Capability, Holistic Innovation Capability, and Innovation Performance through a questionnaire survey of 260 creative entrepreneurs in East Java. The results of the PLS-SEM high-level analysis show that the Holistic Empowerment of Creative Industries has a strong impact on digital platform capabilities, and there is a strong partial mediating role of holistic innovation capabilities on the effect of digital platform capabilities on innovation performance. So, it is important for every creative Industry to holistically empower its resources in order to be able to master digital platforms, which ultimately have an impact on innovation and performance. Subsequent research is directed at directly relating the holistic empowerment of the creative Industry to innovation and performance, as well as focusing research subjects on one of the creative economy sub-sectors so that the benefits from research are more striking.


Creative Economy; Innovation Performance; Holistic Innovation Capability; Digital Platform Capability; Holistic Empowerment

Full Text:



Aneta, P. (2016). Empowerment in the Open Innovation Concept. Engineering Management in Production and Services, 8(3), 35–42.

Anjaningrum, W. D. (2021). Strengthening Creative Economy Capabilities in East Java through Digital Transformation and Networks. The 3th International Conference on Economics and Business, (1), 38–45. Retrieved from

Anjaningrum, W. D., Hermawati, A., Yogatama, A. N., & Puji, R. (2021). Creative Industry in the Post-Pandemic Digital Era : Meaningful Incubation , Customer Focus , and High Innovation as Strategies to Compete. International Conference of Economic , Business, and Entrepreneurship (ICEBE), 2–8.

Anjaningrum, W. D., & Rudamaga, H. (2019). Creative Industry: Enhancing Competitive Advantage and Performance. Asia Pacific Management and Business Application, 007(03), 123–146.

Bansal, A., Panchal, T., Jabeen, F., Kumar, S., & Singh, G. (2023). A study of human resource digital transformation ( HRDT ): A phenomenon of innovation capability led by digital and individual factors. Journal of Business Research, 157(December 2022), 113611.

Bartczak, K. (2021). Digital Technology Platforms as an Innovative Tool for the Implementation of Renewable Energy Sources. Energies, 14(23), 1–18.

Benitez, J., Arenas, A., Castillo, A., & Esteves, J. (2022). Information & Management Impact of digital leadership capability on innovation performance : The role of platform digitization capability. Information & Management, 59(2), 103590.

Borah, P. S., Iqbal, S., & Akhtar, S. (2022a). Linking social media usage and SME’s sustainable performance: The role of digital leadership and innovation capabilities. Technology in Society, 68(January), 101900.

Borah, P. S., Iqbal, S., & Akhtar, S. (2022b). Technology in Society Linking social media usage and SME ’ s sustainable performance : The role of digital leadership and innovation capabilities. Technology in Society, 68(October 2021), 101900.

Bustamante, M. J. (2023). Technological Forecasting & Social Change Digital platforms as common goods or economic goods ? Constructing the worth of a nascent agricultural data platform. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 192(October 2021), 122549.

Cenamor, J., Parida, V., & Wincent, J. (2019). How entrepreneurial SMEs compete through digital platforms: The roles of digital platform capability, network capability and ambidexterity. Journal of Business Research, 100(December 2018), 196–206.

Chandani, S. K. (2017). Digital Hegemony and Digital Divide: Looming Threat and Possible Remedies (with Special Reference to India & USA). In SSRN Electronic Journal.

Chen, J., Yin, X., & Mei, L. (2018). Holistic Innovation: An Emerging Innovation Paradigm. International Journal of Innovation Studies, 2(1), 1–13.

Chen, Z., Huang, S., Liu, C., Min, M., & Zhou, L. (2018). Fit between organizational culture and innovation strategy: Implications for innovation performance. Sustainability (Switzerland), 10(10), 1–18.

Cheng, C., Cao, L., Zhong, H., He, Y., & Qian, J. (2019). The influence of leader encouragement of creativity on innovation speed: Findings from SEM and fsQCA. Sustainability (Switzerland), 11(9), 1–17.

Chin, W. W. (1998). The Partial Least Squares Approach to Structural Equation Modeling. In Modern Methods for Business Research (pp. 295–336). London: Lawrence Erlbaum associates.

Deist, M. K., Mcdowell, W. C., & Bouncken, R. B. (2023). Digital units and digital innovation : Balancing fluidity and stability for the Creation , Conversion , and Dissemination of sticky knowledge. Journal of Business Research, 161(February), 113827.

Disperindag-Jatim. (2018). Gathering Industri Kreatif & Potensi Jawa Timur. Disperindag.Jatimprov.Go.Id, p. 2018. Retrieved from timur%0ADinas

Ganotakis, P., Angelidou, S., Saridakis, C., Piperopoulos, P., & Dindial, M. (2023). Technological Forecasting & Social Change Innovation , digital technologies , and sales growth during exogenous shocks. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 193(December 2022), 122656.

Garson, G. D. (2016). Partial Least Squares: Regression & Structural Equation Models. In Statistical Associates Publishing Publishing (2016 Editi).

Guo, R., Yin, H., & Liu, X. (2023a). Coopetition, organizational agility, and innovation performance in digital new ventures. Industrial Marketing Management, 111(May 2022), 143–157.

Guo, R., Yin, H., & Liu, X. (2023b). Coopetition , organizational agility , and innovation performance in digital new ventures. Industrial Marketing Management, 111(April), 143–157.

Hair, J. J. F., Sarstedt, M., Hopkins, L., & Kuppelwiesier, V. G. (2014). Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling ( PLS-SEM ) An Emerging Tool in Business Research. European Business Review, 26(2), 106–121.

Hanson, J., Damman, S., & Wardeberg, M. (2023). Technology in Society Digital innovation ’ s contribution to sustainability transitions. 73(July 2022).

Jiang, H., Yang, J., & Gai, J. (2023). How digital platform capability affects the innovation performance of SMEs—Evidence from China. Technology in Society, 72(May 2022), 102187.

Jin, D. Y. (2017). Digital platform as a double-edged sword: How to interpret cultural flows in the platform era. International Journal of Communication, 11, 3880–3898.

Jun, W., Nasir, M. H., Yousaf, Z., Khattak, A., Yasir, M., Javed, A., & Shirazi, S. H. (2021). Innovation Performance in Digital Economy: Does Digital Platform Capability, Improvisation Capability and Organizational Readiness Rreally Matter? European Journal of Innovation Management, (May), 1–20.

Kamble, S., Rana, N. P., Gupta, S., Belhadi, A., & Sharma, R. (2023). Technological Forecasting & Social Change An effectuation and causation perspective on the role of design thinking practices and digital capabilities in platform-based ventures. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 193(May), 122646.

Kemenparekraf. (2021). Ekonomi Kreatif Jadi Garda Terdepan Pemulihan Ekonomi Nasional. Kemenparekraf.Go.Id. Retrieved from

Khan, A., Tao, M., & Li, C. (2022). Knowledge absorption capacity’s efficacy to enhance innovation performance through big data analytics and digital platform capability. Journal of Innovation and Knowledge, 7(3).

Khan, R. U., Richardson, C., & Salamzadeh, Y. (2022). Spurring competitiveness, social and economic performance of family-owned SMEs through social entrepreneurship; a multi-analytical SEM & ANN perspective. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 184(June), 122047.

Khattak, A. (2022). Hegemony of Digital Platforms, Innovation Culture, and E-Commerce Marketing Capabilities: The Innovation Performance Perspective. Sustainability (Switzerland), 14(1), 1–13.

Kostić, Z. (2018). Innovations and Digital Transformation as a Competition Catalyst. Ekonomika, 64(1), 13–23.

Lafuente, E., Vaillant, Y., & Rabetino, R. (2023). Technovation Digital disruption of optimal co-innovation configurations. Technovation, 125(May), 102772.

Li, S., Gao, L., Han, C., Gupta, B., Alhalabi, W., & Almakdi, S. (2023). Exploring the effect of digital transformation on Firms’ innovation performance. Journal of Innovation & Knowledge, 8(1), 100317.

Lianto, B., Dachyar, M., & Soemardi, T. P. (2021). A Holistic Model for Measuring Continuous Innovation Capability of Manufacturing Industry: a Case Study. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management.

Mohamed, B. H., Ari, I., Al-Sada, M. B. S., & Koç, M. (2021). Strategizing Human Ddevelopment for a Country in Transition from a Resource-based to a Knowledge-based Economy. Sustainability (Switzerland), 13(24), 1–27.

Moran, T. E., Gibbs, D. C., & Mernin, L. (2017). The Empowerment Model: Turning Barriers Into Possibilities. Palaestra, 31(2), 19–27. Retrieved from

Mourtada, R. (2010). Innovation Culture for Youth Empowerment in the UAE: The Role of ICT. Dubai School of Government Policy Brief, (19). Retrieved from

Pak, J., Li, L., & Chung, G. H. (2019). A holistic approach to individual-level innovation implementation. Innovation: Organization and Management, 21(4), 552–571.

Pillai, L. (2019). Holistic Digital Empowerment. IEEE India, 14(4), 132–135.

Prasetyo, D. (2022). Wagub Jatim Emil Dardak Optimis Ekonomi Kreatif Jatim Terus Bangkit. Harianmerahputih.Id. Retrieved from

Rababah, N. M. (2017). THE ROLE OF PSYCHOLOGICAL EMPOWERMENT AND INNOVATION ON FIRM PERFORMANCE : AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF SMEs IN SAUDI ARABIA. International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management, V(6), 298–318.

Rajapathirana, R. P. J., & Hui, Y. (2018a). Relationship between innovation capability, innovation type, and firm performance. Journal of Innovation and Knowledge, 3(1), 44–55.

Rajapathirana, R. P. J., & Hui, Y. (2018b). Relationship Between Innovation Capability, Innovation Type, and Firm Performance. Journal of Innovation & Knowledge, 3(1), 44–55.

Rukendi, C. (2021). Siaran Pers: Menparekraf Dorong Milenial Terus Berinovasi dengan Manfaatkan Platform Digital. Kemenparekraf.Go.Id. Retrieved from

Sai, T. R., & Prathap, S. (2015). Community empowerment: Holistic approach for sustainable improvements in population health. Indian Journal of Public Health, 59(3), 163.

Tanoto, S. R., & Sutarhanji, S. (2019). Does Job Involvement Influence Psychological Empowerment and Innovative Behaviour ? The 4th ICMEM 2019 and The 11th IICIES 2019, (August), 723–737. Retrieved from file:///C:/Users/Lenovo/Downloads/3569-6515-3-PB.pdf

Tenenhaus, M., & Lauro, C. (2005). PLS path modelling ’ PLS path modeling. Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, 48(May), 159–205.

Wan, Q., Tang, S., & Jiang, Z. (2023). Technovation Does the development of digital technology contribute to the innovation performance of China ’ s high-tech industry ?. Technovation, 124(February), 102738.

Wang, Jianwen, Omar, A. H., Alotaibi, F. M., Daradkeh, Y. I., & Althubiti, S. A. (2022). Business intelligence ability to enhance organizational performance and performance evaluation capabilities by improving data mining systems for competitive advantage. Information Processing and Management, 59(6), 103075.

Wang, Jinglei, Ma, X., Zhao, Y., Zhao, J., & Heydari, M. (2022). Impact of scientific and technological innovation policies on innovation ef fi ciency of high-technology industrial parks e A dual analysis with linear regression and QCA. International Journal of Innovation Studies, 6(3), 169–182.

Wood, B. P., Ng, P. Y., & Bastian, B. L. (2021). Hegemonic Conceptualizations of Empowerment in Entrepreneurship and Their Suitability for Collective Contexts. Administrative Sciences, 11(1), 1–18.

Yusof, N. A., Kamal, E. M., Lou, E. C. W., & Kamaruddeen, A. M. (2023). Effects of innovation capability on radical and incremental innovations and business performance relationships. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management - JET-M, 67(June 2022), 101726.

Zhang, Y., Ma, X., Pang, J., Xing, H., & Wang, J. (2023). Research in International Business and Finance The impact of digital transformation of manufacturing on corporate performance — The mediating effect of business model innovation and the moderating effect of innovation capability. Research in International Business and Finance, 64(November 2022), 101890.

Zhang, Z., Jin, J., Li, S., & Zhang, Y. (2023). Technology in Society Digital transformation of incumbent firms from the perspective of portfolios of innovation. Technology in Society, 72(June 2022), 102149.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.